Peter A. Lofgreen

Written at Saint David, Cochise County, Arizona, U.S.A.

I, Peter Anderson Lofgreen, am the son of Sissa Bengtson and Anders Pehrson Lofgreen. I was born in Orja, Sweden, on the 18th day of January, in the year of our Lord, 1847.

When I was one year old my parents moved to a place called Helstorp, Billeberga, Socken, Sweden. There my father owned and tilled five acres of land and worked as a mason by which he supported his family.

At the age of ten I commenced working out in the summer time, herding sheep, etc. I attended school but six weeks, but received instructions in reading, writing and arithmetic from my father.

My parents belonged to the Luthern Church, which was the established church of Sweden, therefore, when I was eight days old I was baptized, or sprinkled with water, which was called by that sect baptism.

When I was about thirteen years old some Mormon Elders came into the neighborhood where we lived, and my father and stepmother joined their religion. (My mother having died when I was eight years old, father married a year afterward, a woman by the name of Kjersti Peterson. The last name supplied by Edward Theodore Lofgreen from other old records.) On the eighth day of April, 1860, I was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints by Elder Nils Larson.

In the spring of the year 1862, my father sold his home and took his family and emigrated to Utah Territory in America. We arrived in Salt Lake City, Utah, September 27, 1862.

Arriving in America, I worked for myself, that is, supported myself. We had located at Sugar House Ward in Salt Lake County, Utah, where I worked at the paper mill for about three years. While working there, my father located on a small farm in Mill Creek Ward, where we lived until the fall of the year 1865. Then he moved with his family to Huntsville, Weber County, Utah.

On the 3rd of December, 1865, I took to my bosom by marriage, a loving daughter of Eve, namely, Johanna Cathrina Sandberg. We were married by Bishop F.A. Hammond.

In the summer of 1966, I think it was in July, (a later check of temple records revealed the date as October 9, 1966). We were sealed in the Endowment House at Salt Lake City, when I also had the holy Priesthood of Melchizedek conferred upon me under the hands of Elder Joseph Fielding Smith.

On the 17th day of November, a son was born to us. We named him William Angus.

In the Spring of 1868 we left Utah for the East, and stopped for a while at a place called Benton on the North Platte River. Then we went to Cheyenne, Wyoming. There on the 14th of March, 1869, another son was born, and we named him Peter Louis. After living in Cheyenne for a little more than a year, we went to Omaha, Nebraska. There we lived until the spring of 1871, when we took a steamboat for Saint Louis, Missouri. There I learned the trade of upholstering and paper-hanging, working at that for two years.

On the 9th day of June, 1871, another son was welcomed to out home. We named him Fredrick Herman.

In the Summer of 1873, I was engaged in business for myself at awning making. After that for a while, I was paper carrier for the Saint Louis Globe, but I sold my route and was employed in the mail room as a mail clerk on the Globe and the Democrat consolidated. I worked on the staff of the Globe-Democrat for upwards of three years.

On October 27, 1873, a daughter was born. We named her Hattie Celestia. I became a United States Citizen on October 23rd, 1876, in Saint Louis, Missouri.

During these years I took an active part in Labor organizations, and in 1877, I was arrested on the accusation of inciting to riot, but was discharged upon examination after having been in the city jail for two weeks.

On September 20th, 1877, I was rebaptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints by Elder David M. Stuart, and reconfirmed by Wlder A. Burman.

On the 17th of March, 1878, I, with my family, turned my back on Saint Louis, and started for Ogden, Utah. We arrived at Ogden on the 23rd of the same month. I went to Huntsville, Weber County, where my father lived. I made my home at this place.

On December 23rd, 1878, a son was born to us. We named him Edward Theodore.

While at Huntsville I engaged in farming. I filed on eighty acres of land under the Homestead Act, but most of the land belonged to other parties, so I obtained but a small portion. On this I built me a home.

In the spring of 1879, on the 31st day of July, Zipporah Elizabeth Nielson was sealed to me at Salt Lake City, Utah.

In the fall of the same year, I took my family and started for Arizona, but did not get any further than Richfield, Sevier County, Utah, where we stayed over the winter.

In the spring of 1880 I received a request to go on a mission to my native country. This came while I was under very trying circumstances. I had no means and what to do, I did not know, but I had a desire to fulfill the mission to which I had been called.

I took a journey to Salt Lake City to inform President John Taylor of my circumstances. When I arrived there I did not see the President, but Apostle Franklin D. Richards was at the office. I laid my case before him, and at the close of recital, he simply asked me, "Are willing to go on the mission?"

My answer was, "Yes."

"Then," said he, "the way shall be opened for you to go and you shall be blessed."

I then moved my family back to Huntsville, and prepared myself to go. Through the efforts of Bishop F.A. Hammond, I obtained means for my journey.

I bid adieu to my family on April 26th, 1880. I arrived in the city of New York on May 2nd, I left New York on the Steam Ship "Nevada" on May 4th, at 1:30 o'clock. We had a fair voyage except on the 11th, 12th and 13th, when quite a gale blew. On the 17th of May, I landed at Liverpool at 4:00 P.M. I visited at the office where I met the President of the European Mission, William Budge, from whom I received good instructions pertaining to missionary labor.

On May 18th, I left Liverpool for Hull, England, where I took a steamer for Hamburg on the morning of the 20th, and left on the 21st for Kiel by railroad. Left Kiel for Korsor, in Denmark, by steamer. I arrived at Coperhagen, Denmark at 11:00 P.M. of the same day. I stayed at the office. On the next day, May 22nd, I left for Sweden, and arrived at Malmo, Sweden, the same day. There I stayed over Sunday, and attended meetings, and spoke twice on that day, namely the 23 of May.

On the 24 May, I left for Billeberga, where I had a sister, named Kjersti Mickelson, living. I arrived there the same day and found her and her family well. It was a great pleasure to meet with my sister whom I had not seen for eighteen years. I also (saw) all my relatives living in this vicinity.

I went and saw the place where I had spent nearly eighteen years of my life. It was with feelings of sadness that I beheld the ruins of our old home.

On the 31st of May, I went to Malmo, where I met President N. Wilhelmsen, who was presiding over the Scandinavian Mission. I received my appointment from him to go to the Stockholm Conference to labor as a missionary, in the field there.

On June 2nd, I started for Stockholm by railroad, and arrived at my destination, June 3rd. At the conference office, I found L.M. Olson, who was the president of the Conference.

I was first assigned to labor at Eskelstuna, where I arrived the same day, namely: June 18th, 1889.

I enjoyed my mission very much. On July 18th, I baptized the first convert on my mission.

On July 28th, I returned to Stockholm where I met President Budge and company. While these brethren were in Stockholm, we visited every place of interest. Among the many places we visited, none was more interesting than the King's Palace.

On the 3rd day of August, I went on a visit to my sister in the southern part of Sweden. I received a portion of the money which was due from my mother, as part of my inheritance. This was one hundred kroner.

On August 9th, I went over to Copenhagen, Denmark, to attend a priesthood meeting, where I received good instructions from Presidents Budge and Wilhelmson. While in Copenhagen, I visited many places of interest.

I again visited my sister before returning to my mission. At this time I visited my mother's grave, but could not identify it. On August 17th, I received the sad news that my dear wife, Johanna, had died on the 23rd of July. The cause of her death was lung fever. I felt the blow very keenly, but by the aid of the Spirit of God, I continued my labors in the missionary field.

I next received notice to go to an island named Gotland, where I was to labor for a season. On the 22nd day of August I arrived at Wisby, the capitol of the island. I left Gotland on September 30th, and arrived in Stockholm on October 1st.

I attended conference in Stockholm on the 6th and 7th and on the 10th. I again went to Eskeltuna, but did not remain there long for I left there on the 21st October.

On October 26th, I left Stockholm for Sundsvall, where I arrived on the 29th, 1880. I received word that my wife, Zipporah had given birth to a daughter on the 10th of September, and that all was well, which was a great joy and satisfaction to me. She named the baby Emma Elizabeth.

On December the 16th, while preaching at a city named Hernosand, four Lutheran ministers attended our meeting and forbad us to continue our meetings there.

On the 20th of January, 1881, I visited the city again and held several meetings, but was finally forbidden to preach in that city under bond of one hundred kroner. I left Sundsvall on April 20th, 1881, after having done a good work. I arrived at Upsala on May 12th and stayed there for a while.

I returned to Stockholm on May 17th. We held conference there on May 21st and 22nd. I was assigned to Orebro Branch, where I arrived on May 25th, 1881.

I labored in this branch until October 3rd, 1881, when I left for Stockholm. We held conference on the 8th, President Christian D. Fjeldsted being present. Elder Fjeldsted succeeded N. Wilhelmsen, who died while presiding over the Scandinavian Mission. I was again assigned to Orebro, and returned there October 13th.

On January 1st, 1882, I was requested to visit the different branches of the Church, and stay at each place as long as I felt it necessary. I then bid adieu to Orebro Saints and started on my travels on January 3rd, 1882. I first visited Eskelstuna, it being the nearest branch. Then I visited Westermanland Branch on the 10th of January. On the 18th of February I went to Upsala Branch. On the 15th or 16th of May I was released to visit my relatives and to return home to the Valleys of the Mountains in Utah.

On the 17th of May I left for Stockholm. I then visited my sister in Billeberga for the last time and bid her and her family, "Good-bye."

I left Sweden on the 14th day of June, 1882, and arrived at Ogden, Utah, July 9th, at 11:00 P.M. On the 10th, I beheld my family after having been gone two years, two months and fourteen days.

Praised be the Lord for the privilege of being a messenger of Salvation. While on my mission I baptized, or assisted in baptizing, thirty-nine persons, and held three hundred sixty-eight meetings. One hundred thirty-six were held with strangers and one hundred fifty-eight at regular places of meetings, and seventy four were held at the private homes of saints.

After returning home to Huntsville, Utah, I assisted Charles Wright in teaching school during the school term.

On April 5th, 1883, a girl was born to my wife, Zipporah. We named her Anna Johana. That summer I farmed but did not make more than a living at it.

On the 6th day of November 1883, my brother, Benjamin L. Lofgreen, my son, Louis, and I started for Arizona by team. I was very much impressed by the spirit to take this journey and Saint David, Cochise County, Arizona Territory was my destination. We had many inducements to stop and locate elsewhere, but our destination was to keep on to the end. When near Saint David, we met Bishop Hammond, who had been on a prospecting trip through the country.

We arrived at Saint David on the 1st day of January, 1884. Here we found Apostle Brigham Young visiting the people. I soon commenced to work on a ditch called the Bryson Ditch. It was to be taken out just below the townsite of Saint David. I worked a one hundred dollar interest in that ditch which was entirely lost, for the water was never taken out.

On the 7th day of July, 1884, I, Peter A. Lofgreen, was ordained a high priest under the hands of President Christopher Layton and William D. Johnson, President Layton being the mouth. Christopher Layton was ordained by Joseph Smith, the Prophet, who was ordained by Peter, James, and John, who had received the Priesthood from Jesus Christ. I was set apart as second counselor to Bishop William D. Johnson at the same time.

I purchased a home from J.H. Martineau for which I was to pay three hundred dollars. I bought five acres of land from Hyrum S. Bryson on the west side of the river, for which I paid one span of mules. That investment was also a failure, for the land had too much alkali in it to produce anything. Afterward I bought fourteen acres of land from E. Clifford but this, like my former investments, proved no good, for the land was unproductive, being solid clay.

I was set apart as first counselor to Bishop Henry Merrill on the 22nd day of December, 1885.

President John Taylor visited Saint David during 1885.

On the 6th day of April, 1886, my wife and family arrived. They came on the trin by way of California. In the winter of 1885 and 1886, I taught school with Thomas E. Williams at St. David.

January 9th, 1886, Jesse Benjamin was born.

On the third day of May, 1886, a severe earthquake shook up this part of the country. Many houses were cracked, and some were damaged to the extent that they were unsafe to live in. Our school house was nearly destroyed. At least it was considered unsafe to hold school in it. This earthquake took place at three o'clock P.M. My house was very much damaged, but still we lived in it to our sorrow, as will be explained later.

On October 21st, 1887, Nelly Sissa was born at Saint David.

On January 1st, 1888, I was set apart as Presiding Elder over the Saint David Ward, Bishop Morgan Henry Merrill having left for Graham County, Arizona. On the 12th day of February, 1888, I was ordained and set apart as Bishop of the Saint David Ward in the Saint Joseph Stake of Zion in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. This was done under the hands of President Christopher Layton.

On the 18th day of July, 1888, a severe storm was raging, when the east end of our house fell in and damaged considerable furniture, dislocated the hip of my daughter, Emma, stunned Louis and mashed a finger of Edward's right hand, and gave us a scare in general. We then moved into the tithing house which was built by Bishop Johnson.

On the 18th day of January, 1889, Sarah Cecilia was born. This year I worked mostly at plastering in Benson. In the fall I went over to the Gila to make molasses. While there I contracted the fever and ague, and suffered for a long time.

On the 18th day of January, 1890, I was made the happy recipient of a surprise party gotten up by the members of the ward. Tables were spread in two rows the length of the assembly hall. I was also presented with a rocking chair.

On March 28th, 1890, Nels Paul was born. (He died June 11th, 1922.)

In May of 1890, we moved down to what is called Marcus, where I built a house, and was to have had twenty acres of land from the Morgan Merrill homestead. On the 22nd day of January, 1892, I filed on eighty acres of land in township 17 south, range 21 east. The land was the south west quarter of the south east quarter and the south east quarter of the south west quarter of section 31, in the above township. The reason I filed on this land, Morgan Merrill did not comply with the law, so I was in danger of losing my home; therefore, I protested his claim.

On July 18th, 1892, Eva Adekaide was born at Saint David.

On the first Monday in December, 1892, I passed an examination for school teacher, but had commenced teaching on a temporary certificate on the second Monday in September, 1892.

On the 30th day of March, 1893, I started for Salt Lake City, Utah, to attend the dedication of the Temple of the Lord in that city. I arrived at Ogden, April 3, 1893 and visited my two sons, Louis and Herman, and my daughter, Hattie. It was a great pleasure for me to find them in good health, and faithful members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

On the morning of the 5th day of April I attended conference at Salt Lake City, and on the 6th, I had the blessed privilege of entering the House of the Lord to witness the dedication to the Lord. I did enter there with a heart full of prayer, but nevertheless I felt my littleness and unworthiness. My continual prayer was that God would be merciful to me, that I may gain an inheritance in the Celestial Kingdom of God.

On the 7th, I returned to Ogden and visited with my children, after which I took a trip up to Huntsville and visited my relatives and also my wife's relatives. I happened to get there the day of my mother-in-law's birthday (April 14). In the intervening time I had visited my father in Kaysville. I found him and his wife, Metta, enjoying health and strength, although father was in his 75th year. He was born on the 30th day of April, 1818.

After staying in Huntsville for two or three days, I returned to Ogden, and in the company of my daughter, Hattie, visited my father. God bless him in his old age. He has been a good father to me.

I arrived home from my trip on April 30th (I think). I found my family well.

I again taught school during the winter of 1893 and 1894. Artesian water was struck by the McRae brothers on the Joseph A. McRae homestead on the 19th day of February, 1894, it being the first artesian well in Arizona.

On the 20th day of May, 1894, Mary Botilla was born.

I again taught school during the winter of 1894 and 1895, and worked on my farm during the summer.

I taught school in the winter of 1895 and 1896. On the 6th day of March, 1896, David Lawrence Lofgreen was born.

On January 1st 1896, I received word from President Christopher Layton, that Elder Edward Stevenson would visit this ward. On the 2nd we held fast meeting. A good attendance was had, and the spirit of God was made manifest in the testimonies of many of the young people. In the evening I went to Benson and met Brother Stevenson and took him to my home, where he lodged over night.

On the 3rd, we held meeting in the forenoon at 10 o'clock. Elder Stevenson spoke with great power on the testimony of the witnesses of the Book of Mormon. We met again at 2 P.M., when Elder Stevenson spoke of the evidence in favor of Joseph Smith as a Prophet of God, and on the Word of Wisdom. I formed a resolution, that with the help of the Lord, I would never disobey the Word of Wisdom in the future. I pray that God will assist me in keeping this resolution. In the evening I took Brother Stevenson down to Benson where he took the train for Mesa City, Maricopa County, Arizona.

January 4th, 1896. I, Peter A. Lofgreen, Bishop of the St. David Ward in the Saint Joseph Stake of Zion, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, commenced again to write this journal this day, and desire to write daily so as to make a reliable record of events as they transpire from day to day. I prepared the school house ready to commence school on Monday morning.

January 5th. I attended Sunday School and meeting. At the meeting I spoke on the subject of the Gospel of the Kingdom.

January 6th. I commenced school after a vacation of two weeks during the holidays.

January 7th. I taught school.

January 8th to 10th. I taught school.

January 11th. I wrote in the journal.

January 12th. I attended Sunday School. Gertrude Goodman and Louisa Trejo taught the theological class. The lesson was the first part of the 6th Chapter of Saint John, "Jesus Feeding the Multitude on Five Barley Loaves and Two Fishes." In the afternoon regular meeting was held. Priest, John K. McRae, Elder Horace B. Owens, Counselor John J. Busby, and High Priest William Busby were the speakers.

January 13th. I commenced school again. I had an attendance of 18 scholars. I went to YMMIA meeting, but 5 attended, and none of the presiding officers were present, no meeting held.

January 14th. I taught school.

January 15th. Taught school.

January 16th and 17th. I taught school.

January 18th. Today I celebrated my 49th birthday. In the evening we had a few invited guests. I settled tithing with some of the saints.

January 19th. Sunday. I attended Sunday School. I spoke in the theological class on the topic of the day. In the afternoon I attended regular Sabbath meeting. The speakers were: 1st Counselor, Joseph N. Curtis, Elder Joseph A. McRae, Priest Francis N. Goodman, and myself. I spoke on the subject of Honoring the Priesthood we had received. In the afternoon, after meeting, I called on John Fife, who is here on a visit from Ogden, Utah. He requested me to administer to him as he was feeling very much unwell, which I did and he felt better. I visited him again in the evening and gave him some medicine, and had a pleasant conversation with him.

January 20th and 21st. Taught School. Received a letter from Herman.

January 22nd. Taught School. Wrote to Hattie and Herman. Attended a committee meeting at Mrs. Margaret A. Goodman's to arrange for a celebration on the 31st of January in honor of Sister Zina D.H. Young.

January 23rd, 24th, 25th. Taught school. Nothing in particular to record.

January 26th. Attended Sunday School and meeting. Spoke on the Gospel as revealed through Jesus Christ and recorded in the Bible.

January 27th to 30th. Taught school.

January 31st. This day was made a holiday by the Relief Society, celebrating the birthday of Zina D.H. Young, who is President of the Relief Societies of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. The celebration commenced at 11 o'clock A.M. by a program being rendered suitable for the occasion. At. 2 P.M. the saints all sat down to dinner, tables being spread in the hall. Everything went off in good style, and a good spirit prevailed. The day's festivities ended with a dance in the evening. This was the 75th birthday of Sister Young. Today closed the first month of school in the year 1896.

February 1st. This day I worked at home. Fixed or repaired a cart.

February 2nd. I attended Sunday School. It being fast-day for the school, I fasted also. I bore my testimony to the truth of the work we are engaged in. I attended Sunday School teacher's meeting at noon. At 2 P.M. we met in regular meeting and Elder Joseph McRae was the first speaker. (He lives now on the Gila in Graham County, Arizona Territory.) He said that on the 29th day of November, 1877, he with others first camped on this river for the purpose of locating here. He spoke on the trials and temptations the saints have to pass through, and also recommended reading the Doctrine and Covenants, and read it with a prayerful heart, also spoke on the observance of the Word of Wisdom, for Joseph Smith, the Prophet, had said the day would come when the tea and coffee would be poisoned. Elder William Busby was the next speaker, after which I said a few words and exhorted the saints to attend their fast meetings, as it will be fast day next Thursday. "In the evening I read a discussion held in France by three Reverand Gentlemen and Elder John Taylor. It is very interesting to me and gave me information that was valuable.

February 3rd. Taught school, and in the evening read the "Divine Authority, or Was Joseph Smith Sent of God?" written by Orson Pratt, an Apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. I also read the "Kingdom of God" by the same author. The writings of Orson Pratt are very valuable, for they clearly elucidate or explain the doctrines of the church. I wish I was capable of absorbing them as to make them, as it were, my own.

February 4th and 5th. Taught school. In the evenings read the "Kingdom of God by Orson Pratt.

February 6th. Joseph Layton came and settled tithing with me before going to school. Taught school, and in the evening I read "The Remarkable Visions," by Orson Pratt.

February 7th. It being Arbor Day, we hald but a short session of the school, then in the afternoon we went up to Saint David school and joined them in celebrating the day. I received one letter from my son, Louis, and one from my son, Herman. They were well, and so was my daughter, Hattie. I wrote to Louis in the evening.

February 9th. I attended Sunday School and lectured on the 7th Chapter of Saint John's Gospel to the Theology class. The usual meeting was held in the afternoon. Elder Milton G. Trejo, missionary to Mexico, spoke to us. He spoke on"The Character of the Leaders of the Church." Said he knew them to be men of God, filled with wisdom. I took up a collection for the Stake Academy.

February 10th. Taught school. Attended YMMIA meeting in the evening, and spoke onthe "History of the Hebrew Nation." I sent $50.00 to Joseph Layton, tithing clerk.

February 11th, 12th, and 13th. Taught school.

February 14th. Taught school. In the evening the Young Ladies of Saint David had a costume party. Edward, Emma, and Anna went.

February 15th. I went up to Saint David and called on Zetta Clifford, who was sick. I gave her some medicine.

February 16th. I attended Sunday School, asked questions on the 7th Chapter of Saint John's Gospel. Brother William Busby and I went and administered to Zetta Clifford. I attended meeting in the afternoon. The speakers were Joseph A. McRae and Nathan H. Terry. I collected some money for the Stake Academy.

February 17th to 22nd. Taught school all week.

February 23rd. I attended Sunday School in the morning. Our lesson was the latter half of the 7th Chapter of Saint John. The Sunday School was visited by Stake Sunday School missionaries, Brothers Ira Potter, Samuel Green, and Phenius Teeples, who spoke to the school and visited with different classes. They expressed themselves as being pleased with the school as it was being conducted according to the methods recommended. In the afternoon I attended meeting which was addressed by the above-named brethren. I also spoke "On the duty of Parents in Relation to Their Children." In the evening I had a visit from Brother Marlin Allred, who wanted me to give medicine to his wife, which I did.

February 24th to 26th. Taught school. I attended a Sunday School teacher's meeting at Marcus school house where Ira Porter gave a lecture on the Diagram of the Recitation," which was very interesting.

February 27th. I waited on Sister Rebecca Merrill to whom a girl was born at 2 o'clock P.M.

February 28th. I Taught school which completed the second month of this year.

February 29th. I went to Tombstone and drew my month's pay.

March 2nd. I taught school and waited on Pearl Merrill, she is having a touch of pneumonia. I gave her medicine.

March 3rd. Taught school and gave medicine to Minnie Merrill, she is also having a touch of pneumonia.

March 4th. I taught school, but few attended as the weather was windy and cold. I gave some medicine to Minnie Merrill.

March 5th. Minnie Merrill died last night at 10:25 o'clock. I did not teach school as my wife was not feeling well.

March 6th. Early this morning, namely 12:30 o'clock, a boy was born to us. All is as well as could be expected. I preached the funeral sermon over Mimmie Merrill at 12:00 today.

March 7th. Stayed at home most of the day.

March 8th. I attended Sunday School and meeting. The speakers were Elder William Busby, Priest John K. McRae, and Elder Joseph N. Curtis.

March 9th. Attended the annual election of the Saint David Canal Company, and was clerk of the election. The following were elected: John S. Merrill, Sr., John J. Busby, James N. Christenson, David S. Merrill, and Walter T. Fife, as a board of directors.

March 10th. I set out some shade and fruit trees around my house.

March 11th. Went to Benson.

March 12th. Stayed at home. Repaired the clock, and prepared to go to Graham County, Arizona Territory to attend conference at Pima on Sunday the 15th.

March 13th. I started for the Cila County. Before going I blessed the baby, and named him David Laurence Lofgreen. Elder Joseph N. Curtis assisted in the blessing. We traveled to Wilcox the first day.

March 14th. We continued our journey to Safford where I stayed at my sister Cecilia's place.

March 15th. I went to Pima where the conference was to be held. In the forenoon I reported on the Saint David Ward. I also spoke in the afternoon. The conference was attended by the Stake Officers, none of the general authorities being present. I stayed at Brother Samuel J. Sims.

March 16th. I attended conference and then went back to my sister's.

March 17th. I spent the day visiting friends at Thatcher and Layton Wards.

March 18th. Started for home and drove as far as Wilcox.

March 19th. Arrived home this day and found all well.

March 20th. I read most most of the day and also attended a meeting of the directors of the Saint David Canal Company.

March 21st. I went to Benson.

March 22nd. I attended Sunday School and meeting. Joseph N. Curtis and myself gave a report of the conference.

March 23rd to 27th. Taught school all week

March 28th. I went to Benson

March 29th. I attended Sunday School and meeting. Elder L. Harris, an Indian missionary, spoke, after which I made a few remarks.

March 30th. Taught school.

April 1st to 4th. Taught school.

April 5th. I went to meeting. Elder Alonzo Bingham spoke. So did Elder William Busby, after which I made a few remarks. I blessed one child and confirmed four.

April 6th. Taught school. I bought a wagon from Alonzo Bingham for $15.00.

April 7th to 10th. Taught school all week.

April 11th. The wind blew so hard that I stayed home all day.

April 12th. Sunday, I stayed home, and the wind still blowing very hard. We watered the alfalfa.

April 13th. Taught school.

April 16th. I taught school until noon, when the wind blew so that I had to quit school.

April 17th and 18th. Stayed home Friday and went to Tombstone on Saturday.

April 19th. I went to Sunday School in the forenoon. In the afternoon I attended meeting. I spoke on the subject of "The Godhead." I was followed by Joseph N. Curtis, John J. Busby, and William Busby.

April 20th. I started teaching school again. I wrote to my son, Herman.

May 1. 1896. Taught school all week.

May 3rd. I attended Sunday School. As we were about to commence meeting, I received word that my daughter, Anna, had fell from a horse and hurt her arm. I went immediately home, and found that her arm was dislocated at the shoulder. I set it at once. It pained her very much.

May 4th. I took Anna to the Doctor Gaff, in Benson, as I was not positive that the dislocation was reduced properly. The doctor examined her and pronounced the arm set all right, then he bandaged it. He did not charge me for it as I was a minister of the Gospel.

May 5th. I commenced school again.

May 8th. I taught school four days this week.

May 9th. I attended the baptism of Nora Merrill and Calvin R. Clifford. Elder John S. Merrill, Sr. officiated, after which I confirmed them both.

May 10th. I attended Sunday School in the forenoom and spoke in the school. In the afternoon I presided over the meeting and did all the preaching, some strangers being present. I blessed a daughter of John S. Merrill and Rebecca Weaver and named her Helen Olivia Merrill.

May 15th. I had taught school all week.

May 16th. I went to Benson.

May 17th. I attended Sunday School. I lectured to the theology class on the subject of "Faith." In the afternoon I presided over the meeting and spoke on the subject of "Faith." A good spirit prevailed. I administered to Sister Margaret A. Goodman, she being ill.

May 18th and 19th. Taught school. I received a letter from father.

May 20th. It is Mary Botilla's birthday. I started teaching school but was summoned home about 11 o'clock, Edward Theodore having hurt his hand. When I got home I found that the forefinger of his left hand had been shot off by the explosion of a giant powder cap. I took him to Benson, but did not find the doctor at home, so I dressed it as best I could so as to do until he comes home when I think he will have to amputate the finger above the metacarpal joint.

May 21st. I went down to the doctor with Edward. His finger was taken off above the third joint. He felt very sick after taking chloroform.

May 31st. I stayed home all day.

June 1st to 3rd. I taught school. On Wednesday I closed school.

June 5th. I blessed the child of Francis and Florence Goodman.

June 7th. I went to meeting and Sunday School.

June 14th. I attended Sunday School and meeting.

July 4th. I delivered the oration for the day.

July 5th. I attended Sunday School and meeting. I spoke all the time at meeting.

July 12th. During the past week I built a cellar. Today I attended Sunday School and meeting, and spoke at the meeting in the afternoon.

July 14th. I received a letter from my sister, Kjersti, and learned that they were all well and prospering. Wrote to my sister.

July 24th. We celebrated the Pioneer Day. I delivered the oration for the day.

July 26th. I was called to be a Sunday School teacher, and was assigned to the head of the theological class.

August 1, 1896. I taught the class at Sunday School. During the week I had started building a tithing barn, and had the sides up and the rafters on, but today while I was at meeting a hurricane took the barn topsy-turvy, and splintered nearly all the scantling, and much of the lumber.

August 5th. I had united in marriage Timothy B. Reed and Gertrude Goodman at the residence of the bride's mother.

August 7th. Today John S. Merrill, Sr. and I went and made a selection of a school lot and made a purchase of the same from William Busby for the sum of eight dollars.

August 9th. I attended Sunday School and meeting. John K. McRae was ordained an Elder by me.

August 16th. Today we had visitors from Graham County, namely: George Cluff, John Birdneau, and Wallace W. Wild. They all spoke to us at meeting in the afternoon.

August 19th. I went to Tombstone and made application to have my teacher's certificate renewed, which was granted. I also purchased pipe for an artesian well, and made arrangements to have my brother, Benjamin, fore (sic) the same.

August 21st. I went to Tombstone and got the pipe for an artesian well.

I taught school this term, 1896-1897.

December 18th. Today in boring for artesian water at the depth of 290 feet, we struck indication of oil, so that the rope was saturated with oil. In telling parties about it, many became excited. Mr Webster, railroad agent at Benson, came up and sampled the oil. On the 19th he expressed the opinion that it was very pure for crude oil.

January 1, 1897. The new year started with prospects for good crops. Our health is good, but the outlook for us financially is bad. We have had to quit work on the well for the want of funds. No indications of oil now.

January 18th. This is the 50th anniversary of my birth. I received a present of a fine Bible. On the 17th we had with us Elders William Packer and Thomas E. Williams, who preached in the afternoon and evening. They constituted the Stake Presidency of the YMMIA. The following officers were sustained as the officers of the YMMIA of the Saint David Ward, viz: Joseph A. McRae, President; Joseph T. Goodman, 1st Counselor; William G. Goodman, 2nd Counselor; Francis N. Goodman, Secretary; and Edward T. Lofgreen, Treasurer and Librarian.

January 23rd. Today Annie M. Goodman was released as secretary and treasurer of the Saint David Sunday School. Parley P. Sabin was sustained as 2nd Assistant Superintendent in the Sunday School, and Edward T. Lofgreen was sustained as secretary and treasurer. I spoke to a very attentive audience on the subject of the "Divinity of the Book of Mormon."

January 30th. Meeting was held and I preached on the subject of 'Tithing." Appointed general priesthood meeting for Friday evening, February 5th.

February 6, 1897. I baptized Sarah X. Lofgreen and she was confirmed at the fast meeting on February 7th.

March 9, 1897. Today we had a visit from Apostles John Henry Smith and Heber J. Grant. They held meeting in the afternoon and evening. Eleven young couples were sealed in the holy bonds of matrimony for time and eternity, by Apostle John Henry Smith.

March 18th. George W. Nielson died this morning..

August 9, 1897. As I have lost or mislaid the notebook, I have no record as to what happened during the balance of the year. Today Roscoe Nephi Lofgreen was born at Saint David, Arizona.

1898. This year nothing of any great importance transpired, and as I have lost the notebook, I cannot recall to mind anything of interest. I taught school this term, 1898-1899.

1899. This year I had much trouble with John K. McRae, as he persisted in accusing me of willfully diverting and missing the tithing funds. Brother John K. McRae had been chosen as second counselor in the bishopric of the Saint David Ward.

February 1, 1899. I left Tucson, Arizona this morning at 2:00 o'clock and arriving home at 7:00 o'clock A.M.

February 5, 1899. Sunday. During the past week I irrigated my grain and started grubbing on the Sabin five acres lot. I received two letters from my son, Edward, who had arrived at Ridgeville, South Carolina, in the Southern States Mission. I wrote to my son, Louis, and sent him his mother's picture. Today in fast-day. While in Tucson I attended Rev. Moodies meetings. I enjoyed listening to him. One day I arrived at the meeting at 9:30 A.M. and remained until 5:30 P.M. without leaving the house. I attended Sunday School, Sunday School Teachers meeting, Sacrament meeting, and Council Meeting of the Bishopric.

May 28, 1899. Sunday. During the week I was told by John K. McRae that he had written to President Andrew Kimball, resigning his office as Bishop's counselor, giving his reason for his resignation that he could not feel at one with the Bishop on account of the way the Bishop handled the tithing. John K. McRae spoke in church and said in his remarks that "God had told him that the reason he did not prosper was on account of the tithing matters."

Sunday, June 18, 1899. We held meeting as usual. The following were the speakers: Joseph N. Curtis, Heber C. Kimball, John K. McRae, James M. Cosby, and Peter A. Lofgreen.

Sunday, June 25, 1899. I attended Sunday School but was half an hour late. Meeting was held as usual. Patriarch Samuel Claridge spoke.

August 27, 1899. Today the resignation of John K. McRae as Bishop's counselor was put to the people and accepted by them, though he, Brother McRae, tried to speak and cause disturbance, then he walked out when he could not get his way.

On April 11, 1899, a son was born to us at Saint David, Arizona. We named him Willard Abraham.

1900. I farmed and gardened and attended to my duties in the Church as Bishop of Saint David Ward. This year I mortgaged my home to John True, Sr. of Benson, for $400.00.

1901. This year I attended to the duties of my office as Bishop and farmed my place. On April 3, I joined in the holy bonds of matrimony Ammon Curtis and Mary Slade in the evening of this day at the Rock Hall.

This year three of my sons married. Herman married Orra Pettingil on the 9th of October. Louis married Elizabeth Crawshaw on 18 December, and Edward married Rebecca Smith on the 22nd of December. I performed the marriage myself.

On March 1, a daughter was born to us. We named her Metta Pernilla.

1902. This year I worked on the farm as usual. On May 3, I was released as Bishop of Saint David Ward, after serving in that capacity for nearly 15 years, and John S. Merrill, my 1st Counselor was chosen in my place. On May 4, at a gathering held, the following resolutions were passed unanimously by all members of the ward.

"A Resolution of Respect to our Retiring Bishop, Peter A. Lofgreen.

"Whereas Bishop Lofgreen has been honorably released from his labors as Bishop of Saint David

Ward, after 15 years of faithful service in the Bishopric, be it therefore resolved that it is the feelings of the saints that Bishop Lofgreen has been a tried and faithful father to the saints of the Saint David Ward, that he has been faithful in the performance of every duty entrusted in his care; that he has ever

been a ministering angel to the sick and distressed, by whom he will ever be held in grateful remembrance. In fact, that his has been a life welded to duty, and that he richly merits and has the love, confidence, and esteem of every member of the Saint David Ward.

"Be it further resolved that a copy of these resolutions be presented to Bishop Lofgreen, and that they be spread upon the Ward Records."

Committee: John J.Busby, Joseph N. Curtis, James N. Christensen

March 6, 1902. Emma E. Lofgreen was married to Clarence Dana.

Anna J. Lofgreen was married to Hyrum A. Pederson on June 24, 1902. Both marriages were performed by me.

1903. I labored on my farm and tried to do my duty from day to day in the Church as well as to my family. On the 7th of June, I was ordained a Patriarch in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints by Apostle Mathias F. Cowley, who was ordained an Apostle October 7, 1897, by George Q. Cannon, who was ordained an Apostle August 26, 1860, by Brigham Young. who was ordained an Apostle February 14, 1815, under the hands of Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris, who were blessed by the laying on of hands of the Presidency, Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams, to choose the Twelve Apostles, Joseph Smith was ordained an Apostle in 1829 by Peter, James and John.

November 21, a son was born to us. We named him Seymour Warren.

1904. The first part of the year was spent drilling for artesian water. Nothing of note happened during the year. (Taken from a day book.)

1905. October 1. My wife and I went to the October Conference and had a visit with our children and old friends, and while in Salt Lake City we had our second annointing in the temple of the Lord, which was a glorious privilege.

In the intervening time in which no record was kept, nothing of any importance in my life happened that I considered worth recording.

1908. In the summer of 1908 Jesse B. Lofgreen was called on a mission to the Southern States. He was gone two years. (This item was corrected by Jesse B. Lofgreen in 1935 as follows: "I, Jesse B. Lofgreen, left home for my mission, December 3, 1907 and returned home January 13, 1910, away 2 years, 1 month and 10 days.)

1910. Worked on the farm. Font and Anna, and Jesse went to Graham County to get work. (This summary of the year taken from a diary.)

1912. During the month of September I took blood poisoning in my right hand, and on the 29th, I started for Utah to have my hand treated, which I had done by a doctor in Ogden City. While I was staying at my son's, Lois Lofgreen. It took over a month that I had to be under the care of a doctor.

While in Utah I visited Huntsville and at Herman Lofgreen's at Lofgreen. It left the hand somewhat crippled, but I am thankful that it is as well and useful as it is.

1913. In the spring of 1913, I traded my homestead to Brother Hebert A. Goodman for the Kimball place near the school house in Saint David, and moved there in the latter part of March, I had to do considerable improving so as to be comfortable. (In a day book kept by Peter A. Lofgreen. I find this entry: "February 1, 1813. I exchanged my place for the Kimball place, getting 18 acres for 14, but not as good land, nor as large but a better house.")

(In the day book above referred to, I find the following entries which I consider as of enough importance to copy. By Edward T. Lofgreen)

March 1, 1913. In the afternoon I attended a hearing of Brother John K. McRae, where-in he tried to justify his past actions, and cast reflections on me and the President Andrew Kimball, and the High Council of the Saint Joseph Stake. No record was made of his sayings, and no action was taken to vindicate him by the Priesthood.

May 14th. Paul and family started for Utah this morning.

December 13, 1913. I was appointed Justice of the Peace by the Board of Supervisors of Cochise County, Arizona.

1914. January 14th. I was appointed Notary Public by Governor W.P. Hunt.

September 12th. I was appointed Postmaster of Saint David by Postmaster General Burlson, and soon after that I moved the post office from Byron Merrill's to my house.

November 12th. I was called to act as head teacher of the Saint David Ward but was released after laboring in that capacity (a short time) on account I could not go out nights.

1918. June 30th. Laurence Lofgreen left for Washington State to serve his country having been drafted. He returned January 1919.

November 11th. Roscoe Lofgreen was drafted to go to the training camp. On November 11, the day (of) the Armistice, and he did not get any farther than Tombstone and was discharged some time afterward.

1919. March 6th. Roscoe Nephi Lofgreen left for Salt Lake City to be set apart to go on a mission to the Central States. He was assigned to the Louisiana Conference.

in November I was appointed Justice of the Peace again by the Board of Supervisors of Cochise County.

(This is the last record made by my father, Peter A. Lofgreen, who died 5th March 1822, in St. David, Cochise County, Arizona. He died of cancer of the stomach according to the report of Dr. James M. Morrison of Benson, who was his attending physician.)

Edward T. Lofgreen
(copied from records kept by my father.)